Millets are a rich source of micronutrients

Millets are a group of whole grains that offer a wealth of essential nutrients. Here’s some interesting information on micronutrients found in millets:

  1. Minerals:
    • Millets are abundant in essential minerals:
      • Calcium: Important for bone health and muscle function.
      • Phosphorus: Vital for bone formation and energy metabolism.
      • Magnesium: Supports muscle and nerve function, as well as overall health.
      • Manganese: An antioxidant mineral involved in enzyme function.
      • Potassium: Helps regulate blood pressure and fluid balance.
      • Iron: Essential for oxygen transport and preventing anemia.
  2. Vitamin E:
    • Millets are rich in vitamin E, also known as tocopherol.
    • Vitamin E acts as an antioxidant, protecting cells from oxidative damage.
    • It contributes to skin health, immune function, and overall well-being.
  3. Vitamin B Complex:
    • Millets contain various B vitamins, including thiamine (B1), niacin (B3), and riboflavin (B2).
    • These vitamins play crucial roles in energy metabolism, nerve function, and maintaining healthy skin and hair.
  4. Dietary Fiber:
    • While not a micronutrient, dietary fiber is worth mentioning.
    • Millets are good sources of dietary fiber, both soluble and insoluble.
    • Soluble fiber helps lower cholesterol, while insoluble fiber promotes regular bowel movements and gut health.
  5. Zinc:
    • Millets provide zinc, which supports immune function, wound healing, and cell growth.
  6. B Vitamins:
    • Millets contain B vitamins, which are essential for energy production, brain health, and maintaining healthy skin and hair.
    • Thiamine (B1) is crucial for nerve function and carbohydrate metabolism.
    • Niacin (B3) plays a role in energy production and skin health.
    • Riboflavin (B2) is essential for growth and overall health.

Kodo Millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum)

1. Carbohydrates and Energy:

  • Kodo millet is a valuable source of energy, with a carbohydrate content ranging from 60% to 70%.
  • It provides sustained energy due to its complex carbohydrate composition.

2. Protein:

  • Kodo millet contains 7% to 13% protein, enhancing its nutritional value.
  • These proteins are rich in essential amino acids, contributing to overall health.

3. Fiber:

  • Kodo millet is an excellent source of dietary fiber, with approximately 9% fiber content.
  • Dietary fiber supports digestive health, regulates blood sugar levels, and promotes satiety.

4. Minerals:

  • Kodo millet is particularly rich in iron, with levels ranging from 25.86 ppm to 39.60 ppm.
  • It also contains other essential minerals like calcium, potassium, magnesium, and zinc.

5. Antioxidants:

  • Kodo millet exhibits high antioxidant potential, surpassing other millets and major cereals.
  • These antioxidants help protect cells from oxidative damage.

Little Millet (Panicum sumatrense)

1. Protein and Amino Acids:

  • Little millet is nutritionally dense, providing 7% to 13% protein.
  • It contains a balanced profile of essential amino acids, including sulfur-containing amino acids.

2. Micronutrients:

  • Little millet is rich in micronutrients, including:
    • Calcium: Essential for bone health.
    • Iron: Important for oxygen transport and preventing anemia.
    • Zinc: Supports immune function and overall health.
    • B vitamins (e.g., niacin, B6, folic acid): Vital for various metabolic processes.

3. Phytochemicals:

  • Little millet flours are abundant in phenols, flavonoids, and antioxidants.
  • These compounds contribute to overall health and protect against oxidative stress.

4. Fiber:

  • Little millet also provides dietary fiber, supporting digestive well-being and promoting regular bowel movements.

Both Kodo millet and Little millet offer unique nutritional profiles, making them valuable components of a healthy diet. Incorporating a variety of millets into your diet ensures a diverse intake of these micronutrients and contributes to overall wellness. 🌾🌿.


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