The Antioxidant Properties of Kodo Millet and Little Millet


Millets have gained popularity as nutritious grains that offer a range of health benefits. Among these, Kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum) and Little millet (Panicum sumatrense) stand out for their remarkable antioxidant properties. Let’s delve into the specifics of how these millets contribute to overall well-being.

Kodo Millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum)

Kodo millet contains several phytochemicals that exhibit antioxidant properties. Here are the key points:

  1. Phenolic Compounds: Kodo millet contains phenolic compounds such as ferulic acid, coumaric acid, and caffeic acid. These compounds act as free radical scavengers, protecting cells from oxidative damage.
  2. Reducing Inflammation: Antioxidants in Kodo millet contribute to its anti-inflammatory effects. By reducing inflammation, Kodo millet may help lower the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.
  3. Natural Source of Antioxidants: Incorporating Kodo millet into your diet provides a natural way to boost antioxidant intake, supporting overall health.
Little Millet (Panicum sumatrense)

Little millet is equally impressive in terms of its antioxidant content:

  1. Phenolic Compounds and Flavonoids: Little millet is rich in phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and tocopherols. These compounds play a crucial role in neutralizing free radicals and protecting cells from oxidative stress.
  2. Quercetin and Rutin: Flavonoids present in little millet, such as quercetin and rutin, contribute to its antioxidant effects. These compounds enhance overall health by combating oxidative damage.
  3. Tocopherols (Vitamin E): Little millet contains tocopherols, a form of vitamin E. Tocopherols act as antioxidants, further enhancing the millet’s overall antioxidant capacity.
Other Types of Millets

Beyond Kodo and Little millet, various other millet varieties also offer antioxidant benefits:

  1. Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum): Pearl millet contains phenolic compounds like ferulic acid, coumaric acid, and caffeic acid, contributing to its antioxidant properties.
  2. Foxtail Millet (Setaria italica): Flavonoids, phenolic acids, and tocopherols in foxtail millet enhance its antioxidant activity.
  3. Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana): Finger millet stands out for its high phenolic content, including flavonoids like rutin and quercetin.
  4. Proso Millet (Panicum miliaceum): Although proso millet’s antioxidant content may be lower, it still contains beneficial phenolic acids and flavonoids.
  5. Barnyard Millet (Echinochloa crus-galli): Barnyard millet also contributes to overall health due to its antioxidant compounds.


Incorporating a variety of millets into your meals ensures a diverse intake of antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber. Whether you choose Kodo millet, Little millet, or other types, these grains offer valuable components for maintaining optimal health. Remember to explore recipes and enjoy the goodness of millets in your daily diet! 🌾🌿

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